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Capt Arthur de Bells Adam (MC)
1885 - 1916

CPL David Wallace Crawford
1887 - 1916

Lce-Corpl John Joseph Nickle
1894 - 1916

Pte 17911 Morton Neill
1897 - 1916

Lieut Edward Stanley Ashcroft
1883 - 1918
Lieut Edward Stanley Ashcroft

L/Sgt 34298 Samuel Armstrong

  • Age: 34
  • From: Carlisle
  • Regiment: The King's (Liverpool Regiment) 20th Btn
  • Died Sunday 27th January 1918
  • Commemorated at: Longuenesse Cem, St Omer
    Panel Ref: IV.F.48
Samuel Armstrong was born in Carlisle in late 1883, the youngest son of Samuel Matthews Armstrong and Margaret (née Gilbertson).  Both his parents were born in Carlisle, and married in 1880.  His father, a miller, was a widower with three children and his mother was a dressmaker.  Samuel had older half siblings Jane Ann, Isabella, and Henry, and an older full sister Maggie Lizzie.
His mother died in late 1885, likely from childbirth complications (possible birth of Emily born late 1885 and died in infancy).  Samuel was about 2 years old.  
In 1891 the family is living at 35 Cumberland Street, Caldewgate and Carlisle.  His widowed father, 46, is a miller, Jane Ann is 23, a domestic servant, Isabella is 20, a warper in a cotton mill, Henry, 17, is a hatter, Maggie is 10 and Samuel is 7.
They are still at 35 Cumberland Street in 1901. His father is a flour miller, Jane Ann is 31; Maggie, 20, and Samuel, 17, are both biscuit factory clerks.  His married half brother Henry died in 1907, leaving Samuel as the only surviving son.
Carr’s Biscuits in Carlisle was the oldest biscuit factory in the world. The Caldewgate, Carlisle factory opened in 1834, by 1891 employing nearly 1,000 people, and by 1919 employed 4,000 (and is still in operation today).
The 1911 census finds them at 11 Newtown Road, Carlisle.  His father is 66, a flour miller for a biscuit manufacturer, Jane Ann is 42, single, no occupation, Maggie Lizzie is a commercial clerk also for a biscuit manufacturer, and Samuel is 27, a commercial clerk, flour milling.
He enlisted in Liverpool and was serving in the 20th Battalion, The King’s Liverpool Regiment as Lance-Sergeant No 34298 .
After training in the U.K., Samuel would have seen action at Arras in April 1917.   In May the battalion begins the march north to the Ypres Salient.  The 20th, with the other Pals battalions, take part in the Third Battle of Ypres (also known as Passchendaele) from July to November 1917.  During their time in the Salient the Pals battalions lose 22 officers and 518 Other Ranks killed.  In January 1918 the battalion moves south to St. Quentin. 
Samuel died of Pneumonia on the 27th January 1918 aged 34. He now lies in Longuenesse Souvenir Cemetery, St Omer. The Inscription on his headstone reads:


The amount of the War Gratuity suggests that Samuel enlisted or was conscripted in about September 1916, and served about 17 months before he died.
His father Samuel received his Army effects and a War Gratuity of £10-10s.  The pension card in his father’s name does not show an amount, or a refusal. 
Information for his CWGC headstone was provided by his eldest half sister Jane Ann, who had married in 1916, now Mrs. J. A Clementson, living in the family home at 11 Newtown Road, Carlisle.
His father died in 1921 aged 76.
An S. Armstrong is commemorated on St. Cuthbert’s Boys’ Brigade Memorial, Carlisle (but not on St. Cuthbert’s Church Memorial)