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Capt Arthur de Bells Adam (MC)
1885 - 1916


CPL David Wallace Crawford
1887 - 1916


Lce-Corpl John Joseph Nickle
1894 - 1916


Pte 17911 Morton Neill
1897 - 1916


Lieut Edward Stanley Ashcroft
1883 - 1918
Lieut Edward Stanley Ashcroft

Pte 52142 Roland Armstrong

  • Age: 19
  • From: Salford,
  • Regiment: The King's (Liverpool Regiment) 19th Btn
  • K.I.A Thursday 20th September 1917
  • Commemorated at: Tyne Cot Memorial
    Panel Ref: Panel 31-34

Roland was born in Salford in 1897 and baptised 15th December 1897 and was the son of Mary Jane Armstrong of 59 Roberts St Patricroft and the late John Henry Armstrong. Prior to enlisting was employed by Mather and Platt Ltd.

The 1901 Census shows the family living at 47, Tootal Road, Pendleton, Salford.  

The father John Henry aged 39, born 1862 is a leather warehouseman and was born in Manchester. His wife Mary is aged 40, born 1861 also in Manchester. At the time of the Census they have four children living with them, Henry aged 20, born 1881 a commercial clerk, Gertrude aged 15, born 1886 and May aged 14, born 1887 are both mantle makers and Roland aged 3, born 1898.

He joined the Manchester Regiment as Private 2804 before transferring to the 19th  Battalion of The King's Liverpool Regiment 

He was killed in action on 20th September 1917 aged 19 during the Passchendaele offensive. He has no known grave and is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial.

Details of the action in which Roland was killed were included in the Battalion war diary:

9th September 1917 – In support in Denys Wood.  Battalion relieved 17th KLR in front line. Relief complete about 11 p.m.   

20th September 1917 – A raid was carried out by a party of the battalion of 25 OR under Capt. C. Laird, just before 6 a.m. on The Twins. Enemy machine gun fire, however, proved too much for them, although several attempts were made to reach the objective.  Capt. C. Laird was killed in the operation, also 6 OR, and 14 OR were wounded.

Graham Maddocks in “Liverpool Pals”, p.178, explains:  “The remainder of September was fairly uneventful for the rest of the Pals Battalions, except for two trench raids made by the 19th Battalion on 20 September 1917, which, elsewhere on the Salient, was the opening day of the phase of the offensive later referred to as the Battle of the Menin Road. These raids were made for two purposes. The first was an attempt to confuse the enemy as to the intensity and direction of the main attack, and the second was to try to capture two blockhouses known as ‘The Twins’, which commanded the 19th Battalion’s trench front, and thus was able to dominate all its movement. The raiding party, consisting of Captain C. Laird, and twenty-five other ranks left the British front line at 6.00 a.m. and moved into No Man’s Land. However, it was soon spotted, and machine guns opened fire from the blockhouses. Despite a most determined effort to carry the objectives, the situation was hopeless from the start, and Laird and six other ranks were killed and fourteen more soldiers were wounded.”

Baptismal records show Roland was born in 1897 and the Census records hold the year 1898.

 

Killed On This Day.

(104 Years this day)
Sunday 22nd October 1916.
Pte 37895 John Bibby

(104 Years this day)
Sunday 22nd October 1916.
Pte 36883 William Joseph Cowin
19 years old

(104 Years this day)
Sunday 22nd October 1916.
Pte 38487 Edward Crebbin

(104 Years this day)
Sunday 22nd October 1916.
Pte 22989 Alec William Elcock
25 years old

(104 Years this day)
Sunday 22nd October 1916.
Pte 16238 Samuel Hamilton
26 years old

(104 Years this day)
Sunday 22nd October 1916.
Pte 22820 Samuel Richardson
19 years old

(104 Years this day)
Sunday 22nd October 1916.
Pte 26885 James Alfred Cannon Shimmin
19 years old

(103 Years this day)
Monday 22nd October 1917.
Pte 59767 Alexander Aitken
22 years old

(103 Years this day)
Monday 22nd October 1917.
Captain George Edward Simpson

(102 Years this day)
Tuesday 22nd October 1918.
Pte 406080 Walter Jackson
19 years old