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Capt Arthur de Bells Adam (MC)
1885 - 1916

CPL David Wallace Crawford
1887 - 1916

Lce-Corpl John Joseph Nickle
1894 - 1916

Pte 17911 Morton Neill
1897 - 1916

Lieut Edward Stanley Ashcroft
1883 - 1918
Lieut Edward Stanley Ashcroft

Captain George Edward Simpson

  • Age: 24
  • From: Liverpool
  • Regiment: 23 Manchesters
  • Commemorated at: Tyne Cot Memorial
    Panel Ref: P120-124 &162 162A &163A
George Edward Simpson was born on 23rd December 1892, the only child of George Augustus Simpson and his wife Mary Emson (née Curry).  Both parents were born in Liverpool and married in 1892.  George was baptised on 8th February 1893 in St. Philemon, Toxteth Park, parents’ residence 30 Grimshill Street, and father’s occupation clerk.  His father died when George was seven months old, on 11th August 1893 age 26, leaving £143-17s to widow his Mary.
In 1901 George and his mother are living at 10 Duncan Street, Liverpool, with her widowed father Edward Curry. His grandfather is 77, a hairdresser/employer. His mother, 34, has a smallware shop.  George is 8.
The next year, in 1902, his mother remarried to James Millar, engineer, also widowed, giving their address as 109 Bamber Street.  There is no record of any children born to the marriage.  James died in January 1907 at the age of 39. 
The 1911 census finds them still living at 10 Duncan Street, Gt. George Street.  His mother is 45, a smallware draper, on her own account and George is 18, a wholesale draper’s assistant.  They have seven rooms and a domestic servant.
George was initiated into Masonic Lodge No.1547 Liverpool, on 1st April 1914, aged 21, profession clerk.
The details of George’s service are not known as his record has not survived, but we do know that he enlisted as Private 15478 17th (Pals) Battalion of The King’s Liverpool Regiment.  During training in the UK he was sent to O.T.C. (medal card states no rank service overseas).  He was Gazetted (Temp) Second Lieutenant, in the 23rd Battalion (8th City) Manchester Reg on 21st January 1915.  The battalion crossed to France from Folkestone, arriving at Boulogne on 31st January 1916.  
The battalion saw action at Neuve Chapelle in April, fought in the Battle of the Somme, including Bazincourt, Moulancourt, Happy Valley, Trones Wood and Guillemont, and at Arras in October 1916.   In 1917 they were in the trenches at Chaulves and Rosieres, Somerville Copse.  At some point he was promoted to Captain.  In October 1917 the battalion moved to Peronne, then to Boesinghe in the Ypres Salient and took over the line east of Langemarck. 
The War Diary for 22nd October 1917 records: 
At 5:35 a.m. the battalion attacked ... The first objective was reached with slight casualties.  From this point however the resistance was more stubborn and very heavy rifle and machine gun fire was experienced from both flanks.  All the officers, with one exception who was acting as liaison officer.... and a large proportion of N.C.O.s and men were either killed or wounded and the battalion was unable to make further progress. The survivors who could be collected, that is about 60 other ranks under a Company Sergeant Major, withdrew to our original line. Casualties: 
Officers: 1 Missing, 8 Killed, 5 Wounded
O.R.: 55 Missing, 20 Killed, 115 Wounded
George was one of the officers killed during this attack.  His body was never recovered from the battlefield, or was subsequently lost. He was 24 years of age, he has no known grave and is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial to the Missing, Flanders, Belgium.
His death was reported in the Liverpool Echo on 31st October 1917 :

“October 22, aged 24 years, Captain George E. Simpson, (S.N. Manchester Reg ) dearly loved and only son of Mrs. Mary E. and the late George A. Simpson, of 10 Duncan Street.  (Fell whilst nobly doing his duty. Loved and respected by all who knew him.) Liverpool Masonic Lodge No.1547.”
In the Liverpool Daily Post on 7th November, 1917:

“October 22, aged 24 years, Captain George E. Simpson, Manchester Regiment, dearly loved and devoted friend of Eileen Sanders.”
His loved ones placed In Memoriam notices in the Liverpool Echo on 22nd October 1918:
“In loving memory of Captain George E. Simpson, killed in action October 22, 1917. (One of the best). Ever remembered by cousins Maggie and Jim.”
“In loving memory of Captain George E. Simpson (S.B. Manchester Regiment) killed in action October 22, ***(“Thy will be done.”) Fondly remembered by all at 8 Winkle Street. Also [..?..] Mesopotamia.”
“ In loving memory of my dear and only son, Captain George E. Simpson, 23rd S.B. Manchester Regt., who fell in action October 22, 1917.  Ever remembered by his Mother, 8 Avondale Road.”
“In loving remembrance of Captain G. E. Simpson 23rd Manchester Regt., reported killed in action October 22, 1917. (Always remembered by Mary, 72 Thorneycroft Road, Smithdown Road.)”
“In loving memory of Captain G. E. Simpson (George) who fell  October 22, 1917. Aunt, Uncle, and Arthur, 53 Spekeland Street.”
“To the honoured memory of our dear friend Captain G.E. Simpson, Manchester Regt., who was killed in action October 22, 1917. - Ever remembered by Mr. and Mrs. Webster and Family, 11 Upper Parliament Street.”
George’s effects of £172 and a War Pension presumably went to his mother, Mrs. M. E. Millar.  His mother died aged 58 in 1924, having lost two husbands and her only child. She is buried with George’s father in St. James’ Cemetery, Liverpool. 
George is commemorated on the following memorials:

Liverpool Hall of Remembrance, Panel 40

Masonic Hall, Hope Street, Liverpool

David Lewis Club Members Roll of Honour, Liverpool

Killed On This Day.

(104 Years this day)
Monday 27th November 1916.
Pte 51893 James Arnold
38 years old